The Importance of Proper Spacings
Typical drainage contractors throughout the farm belt have consistently pushed growers to wide spacings of 70' or more. The reason was simple: Narrower spacings, which naturally work better, quickly became cost prohibitive for most growers.
Benefits of Sub-Surface Tile Drainage
Earlier Planting and Harvesting
Excess moisture hampers soil warm-up in the spring. Consistent water table levels throughout the growing season will allow faster, more consistent plant growth for quicker harvest start-ups in the fall. On average, spring and fall start-ups happen a week to ten days earlier on farms with adequate sub-surface drainage.
Deeper Root Growth
Soil particles only bind what can be used. Beyond this point, water table levels become too high and plant root growth will slow or stop completely. Disease susceptible will also increase. The removal of excess moisture insures continued root growth for better production when moisture is scarce.
Proper Soil Structure
Excess moisture can make your valuable inputs unavailable and cause long term damage to the soil structure. The proper balance of moisture, oxygen an organic matter can more readily be achieved and maintained through proper sub-surface system drainage. Additionally, compaction becomes less of an issue.
Total Field Farming
System drainage does much more than dry up wet areas. Properly spaced sub-surface drains, 30'-40' apart, provide growers with consistency across the farm or field. You no longer have to wait for those stubborn areas at planting and harvest.
Reduced Production Costs
Your production costs can be decreased through better usage of inputs from your field management plan. Wear on equipment and fuel useage will also decrease as the drainage system helps improve the structure of your soils.
Increased Land Value
A well-drained field is more valuable. Your production increases as you make the final step towards maximum production. This especially true for farms with a high salt index or high water table although an ADI system can improve even your best farm.
Improved Holding Capacity
Your fields can now handle rain events differently since the system allows the soil profile to hold and utilize more moisture without giving it up to run-off.
Higher Crop Yields
System Drainage represents greater production. It is the final step for today's top producers to bring fields up to their full capabilities. Drainage should be strongly considered before purchasing additional land, equipment or buildings. It is the only agricultural investment that will help pay for itself every year.